Published by John Harris; map drawn by Emanuel Bowen. Original black and white engraved map of Australia.
15" X 19" (plate mark dimensions: sheet dimensions are a bit wider). We are pleased to offer this very rare beautiful original 1764 folio map of Australia published by John Harris in his work called Navigantium Atque Itinerantium Bibliotheca, Or A Collection Of Voyages And Travels. It is based on the first published map of Australia by Melchissedec Thevenot, first issued in 1663, with the addition of the Tropic of Capricorn, as well as several other decorative elements, including: an elegant title cartouche, a compass rose and two panels of text. The lower panel of text states'it is impossible to conceive a country that promises fairer from this situation than this of TERRA AUSTRALIS no longer incognita as this map demonstrates, but this Southern Continent Discovered'.
Bowen incorrectly states on the map that the continent was discovered in 1644. The VOC had appointed Tasman on 1 August 1642, as commander of the Heemskerck and Zeehaen, with instructions to explore the unknown and previously undiscovered areas of the South Land, the south-east coast of New Guinea and surrounding islands.Tasman's two voyages resulted in the charting of the northern, north-western and southern limits of the continent, as well as the discovery of part of the west coast of New Zealand. The map also records the following earlier Dutch discoveries on the Australian coast: Hartog in the Eendracht 1616, Houtman in the Dordrecht and Amsterdam 1619, van Leeuwin 1622, Carstensz in the Leijden 1623, Nuyts in the Gulden Zeepaert 1627 and de Wit in the Vianen 1628. Thevenot had divided the continent with a meridian set at 135 degrees East of Greenwich, the positioning of this meridian fell along the division set out in the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494, which divided the newly discovered lands outside of Europe between Spain and Portugal. The lands to the east'belonged' to Portugal and those to the west, to Spain.
Mapmakers depiction of the Australian continent was to remained unchanged until the discovery of the east coast by James Cook in 1769. From Harris's Navigantium atque Itinerantium Bibliotheca, or a Complete Collection of Voyages and Travels. 2nd edition (1st edition doesn't have this map). References: Clancy 6.25 ill. 29, Prescott 1744.01, Schilder 87, ill.
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The item "Original B/W E. Bowen FOLIO Map Of The Southern Continent (Australia) 1764 RARE" is in sale since Tuesday, June 4, 2019. This item is in the category "Antiques\Maps, Atlases & Globes\North America Maps".
The seller is "cirqlar" and is located in Cleveland, Ohio. This item can be shipped worldwide.